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طلاب الثانوية العامة..أقوى مراجعة نهائية فى اللغة الإنجليزية

كتبت هند عادل

 

يقدم موقع “كايرو دار” لطلاب الثانوية العامة مراجعة نهائية فى اللغة الإنجليزية من إعداد الاستاذة ابتهال غزال

 

 

Communication Skills

Language Functions

Agreeing with an opinion:    الموافقة على رأى ما

– I completely agree.            أوافق تماما – I couldn’t agree more. أوافق تماما     

– That’s true.                 هذا حقيقى

 

Disagreeing with an opinion:  عدم الموافقة على رأى ما

  – I completely disagree.       لا أوافق تماما             – I don’t agree. لا أوافق

  – I’m not so sure.              لست متأكدا جدا   – I don’t think so. لا أعتقد ذلك  

 

Expressing surprise:      التعبير عن الدهشة

   – Really? I didn’t know that.    أحقا كذلك؟ لا أعرف ذلك – Good heavens!        أمر مدهش

   – How amazing!        كم هو مدهش             – That’s unbelievable! انه أمر لا يصدق

 

Expressing interest:     التعبير عن الاهتمام

   – How interesting! ياله من أمر مثير                            – Is that right? أحقا كذلك

   – That’s very interesting             انه أمر مثير – Really?         أحقا كذلك

 

Asking for and giving information:  طلب معلومات و تقديم معلومات

– Excuse me, could I ask you some questions about..?          Yes, of course.

– Can / Could you tell me  ………? Yes, that’s fine.

– Do you know anything about…….?       Yes, certainly.

– What does “…” mean?     It means… /You can look it up in the dictionary.

 

Asking for and giving opinions:      طلب الرأى وإبداء الرأى

– What’s your opinion about …?              I don’t think that…

– What do you think of / about …?        In my opinion ../ I’d say that …

 

Asking for and giving advice:      طلب النصيحة وتقديم النصيحة   

– What do you think I should do to ….. ?      I think you should ………

– Can I ask your advice about ……… ?          Why don’t you ……….. ?

                           If I were you, I’d …………       What about …………..?

 

Asking for and giving instructions:    طلب تعليمات و تقديم تعليمات

– How can I operate this …?             – Can you show me how to use this …?

 First, connect it to the electricity supply. After that, press the red button.

– Can you tell me how to make …?       First, …. Then, …. Finally, …

Asking for information and Deducing Information طلب معلومات و استنتاج المعلومات  

– Why do you think they built the Suez Canal?

 I think they must have built it to make travelling by sea easier.

– How do you think they built the Suez Canal?

 Well, they might have used thousands of workers.

 I’m sure it can’t have been easy.

 

Making Suggestions and responding to suggestions عمل اقتراحات و الرد على الاقتراحات       

– How about + v + ing..?  ما رأيك فى ….. ؟  I agree / That sounds fine.     هذا يبدو رائعا

– What about + v + ing..? ما رأيك فى ….. ؟         That’s a good idea. يا لها من فكرة جيدة I’m not sure about that.لست متأكدا من ذلك        Sorry, I don’t agree. اسف. لا أوافق

 

Asking for an explanation giving an explanation  طلب تفسير و تقديم تفسير

– Can you explain why…?                     Let me explain …….

– Do you know how…?                         I’ll try and explain ……

 

Expressing wishes التعبير عن الأمنيات  

– I wish I could….               I wish it were …                            I’d like to be rich.

 

Expressing regrets: التعبير عن الندم    

If only I could …, but I can’t.                            I regret + v.ing….

 

Offer to help & replies to offers  عرض بالمساعدة و الرد

– Is there anything I can do to help?               That’s very kind of you.

– If you like, I could …….… for you.                 Thanks very much.

– Shall I …..…for you?                                    That’s great.

 

Asking about liking:      السؤال عن ما تحب

– Do you like…………………..?                                       هل تحب………. ؟

 

Expressing likes:   التعبير عن ما نحب

– I like / love ……                                 – It’s brilliant/fantastic/great. رائع

– I’m mad about ……….       مجنون بــ – I’m crazy about ……….     مهووس بــ

 

Expressing dislikes:

– I dislike (don’t like) ……          – I’m not very keen on …. شغوف بــ

– I hate / detest يبغض / loathe يحتقر / despise يبغض …

 

Ask for and give reasons:  السؤال عن السبب و تقديم السبب

What did you do that for?         Mainly because

Can you tell me why …?      For two reasons. Firstly, … secondly,

 

Give and respond to warnings:    التحذير و الرد

– Be careful!                     It’s OK.

– If you don’t take care, you will …                    Don’t worry. I’ll be careful.

– Watch out!                       Thank you for your warning.

 

Talking about the future:   الحديث عن المستقبل

Do you think we will …?                  Yes, I’m sure we will.

– What do you think will happen to ….. in the future?              It will definitely become …

 

Ask and answer personal questions:  أسئلة شخصية و الرد عليها

– Do you / Can you speak English?                 Yes, I (speak) can speak it very well.

– Have you passed (your driving test)?            Yes, I have.

– Do you have (a driving licence)?                   Yes, I do.

 

Persuading:    الإقناع

– Can’t I persuade you to …?              No, I’m sorry.

– I really think you should …               Yes, you are right.

– Why don’t you …?                  I’ll do that.

 

Greeting:     التحية

– How do you do?                      – Pleased to meet you.

– Nice to see you.                       – Where have you been?

 

Introducing people:       تقديم الناس

– This is ………………….                      – I’d like you to meet………….

– May I introduce you to……….          – Let me introduce you to………….

 

Introducing yourself: تقديم نفسك   

– May I introduce myself?                     – My name is…………….

 

Seeing someone off: توديع شخص ما    

– Have a nice journey.      – Have a nice flight.   – Have a nice time.

 

Requesting: الطلب        

– Could (Can) you + inf.…..…please?      – Would you + inf. ……., please?

– I’d like to……………, please.                    – I wonder if you could……

Agreeing:  الموافقة

– Yes, of course. / Certainly.                  

Refusing: الرفض

– I’m sorry.  / I’m afraid I can’t.

                                                                                لاحظ صيغة هذا الطلب و طريقة الرد

– Would (Do) you mind + v. + ing……?

  No, not at all. / No, of course not.             (Agreeing موافقة)

  Yes, I would (do).                                   (Refusingرفض )

 

Thanking: الشكر       

– Thanks a lot. / Thank you.           – Thank you for…………………

– That’s very kind of you.                – How thoughtful of you!

Response:  الرد

– Not at all.      – You’re welcome.    – It’s a pleasure.

 

Apologizing: الاعتذار     

– I’m sorry for + v. + ing….                – I must apologize for + v. + ing..

Accepting: القبول

– Never mind.            – Don’t worry. – Oh, it doesn’t matter.

Not accepting:  عدم القبول

– Oh, no! It’s new.      – You’d better get me another one.

 

Inviting: الدعوة       

– Come and + inf…….. .                  – I invite you to + inf. ………..

Agreeing:

– Thank you. I’d love to.            – Great idea.

Refusing:

– I’m sorry I’m busy.          – I’d love to but I’m afraid I can’t.

 

Permission: طلب الإذن       

– May I + inf……………..?                 – Can I + inf……………..?

Agreeing:

– Certainly / Sure / Yes of course / Here you are.

Refusing:

– Sorry, I need it myself.

 

Congratulating: التهنئة       

– Congratulations!                – I congratulate you on + v. + ing / noun

 

Good wishes: الأمنيات الطيبة    

– I wish you success.                – Good luck.

– I wish you a speedy recovery.  أتمنى لك الشفاء العاجل

 

Blaming:        التوبيخ

– If you were more careful, this wouldn’t happen.      

– It was careless  / wrong of you to…                      – It’s your fault.         

Response:

– I’m sorry.            – I didn’t mean it.          – I’ll be careful next time.

 

Release from blame: الإعفاء من اللوم  

– Don’t worry                    – Never mind. – It doesn’t matter.

– It wasn’t your fault.         – Forget all about it.

Exercise

Respond to each of the following situations:

  1. You are introduced to someone who you have never met before.
  2. You meet your friend Ali in the street.
  3. You want to ask your uncle some questions about genetic engineeringالهندسة الوراثية.
  4. Someone asked you a question and you don’t want to answer it.
  5. You need permissionاذن to use a computer at school.
  6. A friend wonders if he can use your pencil.
  7. You want a friend to help you with something.
  8. You need advice from your brother about a houseplant you have just bought.
  9. Someone asks your advice about the best way to keep fit.
  10. Someone advises you to do something. You don’t want to accept the advice.
  11. You ask a friend if he likes living in the countryside.
  12. A friend asks you whether you’d like tea or coffee.
  13. At an interview, you are asked about your qualifications.
  14. Your friend believes that violent films are exciting. You don’t agree.
  15. Your brother thinks that men and women are equal. You agree with him.
  16. You ask your sister to clean the room for you.
  17. Someone asks you the way to the nearest hospital.
  18. A friend borrowed money from you. You ask him/her politely to give it back to you.
  19. You and a friend are talking about the next weekend. You suggest something.
  20. A friend is visiting you in your house. You offer him/her something.
  21. You’ve spilt some coffee on the carpet. You apologize to your mother.
  22. You invite a friend to your birthday party.
  23. Your sister has just won an international contest.
  24. You’ve have just heard that your friend Ali is seriously ill in hospital.
  25. Your neighbour keeps a wild dog. You express your fear.
  26. The teacher said something in a low voice. You ask him/her to repeat.
  27. You’d like to speak to your friend Ahmed on the phone.
  28. You have finished reading “Gulliver’s Travels”. You recommend it to a friend.

 

Place           Speaker (A)     Speaker (B)     Function

يعتمد حل هذا النوع علي حفظ الشخصيات و الأماكن والوظائف اللغوية:

 

At home Airport / plane Craftsmen
Husbandزوج                    Passenger  راكب        Worker    عامل           
Wife        زوجة          Traveler   مسافر           Carpenter        نجار
Father  أب                 Check in clerkموظف الفحص Electrician                 كهربائي
Mother      أم           Pilot                              طيار Mechanic  ميكانيكي          
Son      ابن                  Air hostess                 مضيفة Labour     عامل          
Daughter       ابنة     Flight attendant       مضيفة Shoemaker اسكافي             
Visitor   زائر                Air host      مضيف    Watchmaker              ساعاتي
Guest     ضيف            Assistant    مساعد      Jeweler  جواهرجي           
Niece            بنت الأخ/ الأخت Market / shop Barber  حلاق                
Nephew ابن الأخ- الأخت       Customer  زبون          Hairdresser كوافيره            
Land lord  المالك            Seller      بائع           Tailor   ترزي                    
Landlady           صاحبة العقار Salesman بائع                   Dressmaker خياطة             
Hospital Salesgirl بائعة                   Optician بائع النظارات         
Surgeon  جراح             Butcher     جزار         Florist  بائع الورد                
Doctor                          طبيب Greengrocer             خضري Plumber  سباك             
Oculist   طبيب عيون           Grocer   بقال                Builderبناء                       
Dentist             طبيب أسنان Baker   خباز                 Cinema/ theatre
Nurse     ممرضة           Shop assistant بائع فى محل Usher  مرشد السينما            
Physicianطبيب باطنية          Buyer  مشترى                 Usherette مرشدة السينما       
Patient  مريض              Client   عميل / زبون            Viewer / spectator متفرج     
Psychiatrist نفساني              Studio School / university
Anesthetistطبيب تخدير         Director     مخرج      Teacher    مدرس        
Bank Interviewer          محاور Student   تلميذ              
Manager    مدير          Critic                       ناقد Headmaster        ناظر
Accountant  محاسب     Actor       ممثل           Professor  أستاذ جامعى        
Cashier  صراف            Actress  ممثلة                Headmistress ناظرة           
Bank clerk موظف بنك          Photographer             مصور Coffee shop / café
Client  عميل                  Reporter  صحفي          Waiter   جرسون             
Library Announcer   مذيع       Client عميل / زبون             
Student/ reader قارئ          Cameraman             مصور Customer                     زبون
Librarian             أمين المكتبة Stuntman دوبلير                 Manager مدير                   
Travel agency – booking / passport  office Company / firm
Information office  – custom house Manager    مدير         
Tourist    سائح             Travel agent     وكيل سفريات Employer          صاحب العمل
Guide                           مرشد Secretary    سكرتيرة     Applicant            متقدم للوظيفة
Booking clerkموظف حجز     Check in clerkموظف الفحص Candidate متقدم للوظيفة       
Receptionist موظف أستقبال    Custom officialموظف جمارك Secretary  سكرتير(ة)        
Bus stop – railway station – taxi –the street Post office
Driver  سائق                  Porter   شيال                Employee موظف               
Traveller مسافر                  Booking clerk موظف حجز    Postman   ساعي البريد        
Conductor  مفتش         Pedestrian احد المشاة           Client       عميل        
Court/ police station The zoo Museum
Judge   قاضي                Visitor              زائر Guide         مرشد سياحي  
Lawyer  محامي                Manager             مدير الحديقة Tourist سائح                     
Prisoner   سجين          Handler سايس                   Guard           حارس
Policeman رجل شرطة         Customer       زبون Hotel
Criminal  مجرم             Guard                 حارس Lodger / resident   نزيل
Thief            لص Zookeeper  حارس الحديقة     Receptionist موظف استقبال   
Witness   شاهد             Vet        طبيب بيطري          Guest  ضيف                
Stationery shop Park/ public garden Filling station
Stationer بائع المكتبة            One of the publicأحد الجمهور Driver   سائق                
Customer زبون                  Policeman شرطي               Car owner       صاحب السيارة
Client عميل / زبون              Visitor زائر                       Motorist                 سائق
Pupil   تلميذ                    Club/ stadium Worker  عامل               
Student      طالب       Player                          لاعب Laboratory
Circus Trainer                       مدرب Teacher  مدرس            
Clown   مهرج                Referee     حكم         Scientist                 عالم
Acrobat  بهلوان               Spectator مشجع                 Researcher  باحث     
Son/daughter/ father Supporter   مساند/ مشجع     Student  طالب              

  

Mention the place, the speakers and the language functions  (answered)           WB Exercises                                                      

  1. A: So, John, could you tell our listeners how you started?                                                                            B: Certainly. It was when I was seven. I won first prize in a poetry competition. When I was a student, some of my stories were published in a university magazine                                                               A: And now its your full time job? B: That’s right my second novel was published last year.

Place: radio station/studio                                           Speaker A: interviewer                                Speaker B: writer                                                        Function: ask and answer questions              

  1. A: Could you help me carry the shopping into the house, please, Aisha?                                                           B: Ok, mum. Where shall I put it?                                 A: Just put the bags on the kitchen floor for the moment. B: ok, mum .                                                                                                            

Place: outside a family home                                   Speaker A: mother

Speaker B: daughter                                                Function : request and offer help

 3)   A: At last we are here. What time does our flight leave, dad?                                                              B: At midday. We have still got lots of time.        

Place: airport                                             Speaker A : a son

Speaker B :father                                      Function :ask and answer questions make a request

 

 4)    A: So, for homework, I want you all to make a list of all the plants growing in your neighborhood.                                                                                                                                     

        B: Shall we just write the names of the plants?

 A: No, write the names and a short description.

 

Place: classroom                                                                     Speaker A : teacher                Speaker B :student Function :give instruction

 

5) A: Excuse me Sir. The captain has asked everyone to return to their seats.

   B: Does that mean we are going to land soon?  

   A: Yes, in about fifteen minutes.             

Place: a plane                                                     Speaker A: flight attendant                                       Speaker B: passenger Function: make a request & inquiring

 

6) A: Have you seen Tarek?

   B: No, sir. He was at his desk on the phone a few minutes ago

   A: Is not he there now?

   B: No, may be he has gone home already.  

   A: He can not have gone home. he is preparing a report for me.

Place: an office                Speaker A: boss\manager      Speaker B: Tarek’s colleague      Function: ask for information guess and deduce information                                                         

7) A: Is there anything I can do to help, miss Salma?

   B: Could you give these books back to the class after break?

   A: Yes, of course. Is that the homework we did last week?

   B: Yes, that is right. your homework was very good.

Place: classroom                           Speaker A student        Speaker B : teacher Function : offer help\ask and answer questions

 

8) A: Excuse me. I need to find out about modern farming in Egypt for a university project.

   B: All the information on agriculture is on the second floor.

   A: Thank you. Can I take any of the books out?

   B: Yes. Just bring them to the desk near the entrance.

Place: library                                  Speaker A: university student Speaker B: librarian             Function : ask for information\give instruction

 

9) A: Do you remember what happened?

   B: No, I just remember waking up in the road.

   A: How do you fell now?

   B: Not too bad. Will I have to stay here tonight?

   A: We are not sure yet. We will have to check you have no broken bones.

Place: hospital                                                                     Speaker A: doctor\nurse                        Speaker B : patient Function : ask for and give

 

10) A: Could you tell us why you would like to study here?

   B: Your biology department has a very good reputation.

   A: And if we accept you, what do you hope to do when you graduate?

   A: Well, I would like to work for a food company.

Place : university                               Speaker A: interviewer Speaker B : student                                      Function : ask and answer interview

 

11) A: are you in your first year?

   B: yes, I am studying English, but it is not only my third week.

   A: my parents would like me to apply here. Would you recommend

   B: yes, definitely.

Place: university or collage                  Speaker A: future student Speaker B : first year student                                  Function : ask for and give advice

 

12) A: well, your application has been successful.

   B: that not great! When do I start?

   A: at the beginning of next month. You will be working at our Cairo branch.

   B: I am looking forward to starting.

Place: company office                                               Speaker A: interviewer\boss      Speaker B: successful job applicant Function: express happiness

 

Exercise:

 

والآن حاول الإجابة بنفسك

1-A Good morning, Mr. Ali. Place: ……….………

Speaker A: ………….

Speaker B: ….…..….

Function………….….

B Good morning, Dalia. You’re very late this morning.
A Yes, I’m sorry. The train was delayed.
B Well, Could you take these letters to the post and could you call Mr.Hany?
2-A Excuse me; I’m looking for some information about Festivals around the World for my English class. Place: …………….…

Speaker A: ………….

Speaker B: …………

Function……………..

B There’re some books about festivals in the culture section over.
3-A Good morning. Can I help you? Place: ………….……

Speaker A: ………….

Speaker B: ………….

Function………….….

B Yes, I’d like a single room with a bath, please.
A For how many nights?
B Just for tonight.
4-A So you want to borrow LE 100,000. What do you want the money for? Place: ……………..….

Speaker A: …………….

Speaker B: ……………

Function:………………

B To buy some more land so I can expand my business.
A Well, we can certainly lend you the money, but we’ll need to see a business plan. You need to show that you can pay the Money back within five years.
5-A Today we’re going to do an experiment to find out what Percentage of the soil is water. one member of each group come and get A beaker of soil and a Bunsen burner. Place: ……….………

Speaker A: ………….

Speaker B: ………….

Function………….….

B Do we have to heat the soil over the Bunsen burner?
6-A Where to? Place: …….…..……

Speaker A: …..…….

Speaker B: ……..….

Function……………..

B The airport, please, terminal 2. And could you hurry? My flight leaves in half an hour.
A I’ll do my best, but the traffic is very bad today.
7-A Good morning, sir. Can I help you? Place: ……….………

Speaker A: ……..….

Speaker B: ………….

Function………….….

B I’d like to go to Paris with my family. Can you recommend any good tours?
A Well, global Tours offer a good package deal which Includes flights, hotels and a trip to Disneyland.
B That sounds great. Can I take a brochure to show my wife and children?
A Yes, of course. Here you are.
8-A Wow! Look at that dinosaur. Place: ………….……

Speaker A: ……..….

Speaker B: …..…….

Function………….….

B Don’t touch the exhibits, please.
A Can you tell me where the insect Exhibition is?
B Yes, you go through the next room and it’s on the right, Next to the fossils.
9-A Good afternoon. When does the concert start? Place: …….…………

Speaker A: ………….

Speaker B: ………….

Function………….….

B It starts at 9 p.m.
A Is this orchestra performed by Egyptian opera musicians?
B And foreign opera singers as well, sir.
10-A I want to have a swim now. Place: …….…………

Speaker A: ………….

Speaker B: ………….

Function………….….

B OK. I tell you I won’t have enough time to cook lunch.
A Never mind. We can have sandwiches.

سؤال الاختيارات

تعتمد فكرة هذا السؤال على كلمات المنهج والمصطلحات والتعبيرات اللغوية التي تم دراستها هذا بالإضافة إلى القواعد اللغوية ويأتي في الامتحان كالآتي  (8 جمل كلمات – 8 جمل قواعد)

General exercise (vocab& grammar)

اسئلة من الـ Work book وتقويم الطالب و لونجمان

Choose the correct answer:

1- When I was at school, I won a poetry writing (race – article – competition – game).

2- She sent me the report as an e-mail (attachment – letter – picture – article).

3- The little girl does not want to sing because she is (innocent – secret – spy – shy).

4- My favourite musical (player – instrument – tool – equipment) is the piano.

5- The cover of my  book is made of (glass – rubber – cardboard – wood).

6- We arrived half an hour late. The film (began – was beginning – had begun – has begun).

7- Agatha Christie’s books (have been translated – have translated – translated – were being translated) into more than 40 languages.

8- The Romans (have captured – were captured – captured – had captured) Petra nearly 2000 years ago.

9- Your train leaves in ten minutes. If you hurry, you (catch – will catch – would catch – are catching) it.

10- If I am thirsty, (I will drink – I would drink – I am drinking – I drank) water.

11- A. How (much – many – long – wide) of the earth’s surface is covered by forest?– B. 20%.

12- Trees in cold climates have branches that point (up – down – forward – upward) so snow can fall off.

13- On December3, 1926, Agatha Christie (is leaving – leaves – left – has left) home without telling anyone.

14- The suspect (was seen – has seen – is seeing – had seen) in a hotel in the north of England.

15- She is upset because her mother (died – was dying – has died – had died) recently.

16- The woman is suffering from (insomnia – anemia – amnesia- arachnophobia) and can give no details of her identity.

17- The writer was trying to get more people (interest – interesting – interests – interested) in his books.

18- At first I thought he was (ashamed – shy – impatient – shameful) but then I discovered he was just not interested in other people.

19- Since then, the play (performs – has performed – has been performed – had performed) without a break.

20- John Whitney was a (pioneer – discoverer – blender – astronomer) of computer animation.

21- The (customer – custom – consumer – consumption) of naming women after flowers is becoming less common.

22- If she (is doing – has done – does – had done) well in her exams, she will go to college in October.

23- If it (takes– has taken– was taken– is taken) in small doses, the drug has no harmful effects.

24- I’ll give you 20 pounds if you (fixed – fix – fixes – had fixed) the computer for me.

25- Several people (injured – have injured – will injure – have been injured) in the accident.

26- The government is (developing – growing – destroying – damaging) a strategy to fight unemployment.

27- It (snows – has snowed – was snowing – is snowing) heavily when he woke up.

28- She was reading quietly when suddenly the door (burst – was bursting – had burst – has burst) open.

29- As soon as she (has entered – entered – enters – would enter) the room, she knew that there was something wrong.

30- She (doesn’t type – has typed – hasn’t typed – didn’t type) the letters yet.

31- I (never play – have never played – am never playing – had never played) squash before.

32- It (is hoped – is hoping – hopes – has hoped) that more job opportunities will be available for young people.

33- We (are believing – are believed – believe – were believing) that he has recovered from his illness.

34- It (fears – is feared – has feared – would fear) that there are no survivors of the crash.

35- It (agrees – is agreeing – was agreed – has agreed) that the price should be fixed at $200.

36- Some archaeologists (excelled – exaggerated – extracted – excavated ) the ancient city of Troy.

37- It will take about 24 hours for the glue to (harden – widen – lengthen – shorten).

38- The hard outer covering of a tree is called (park – brick – pick – bark).

39- The less rain there is in a year, the (wider – narrower – higher – lower) the tree rings are.

40- If the bark is damaged, the tree (has died – is dying – dies – would die).

41- “Murder on the Orient Express” is one of Agatha Christie’s (much – little – most – the most) famous books.

42- The (detective – addictive – alternative – attractive) had finished working on the crime.

43- We were just (around – about – without – shout ) to leave when Ali arrived.

44- When he got (of – at – on – away) the train, he noticed that it was empty.

45- Soon after the train (leaves – was leaving – to leave – had left), it started to rain.

46- She believed that her life was (in – of – at – with) danger.

47- The next morning, the woman was found (deadly – died – dead – death).

48- If there hadn’t been a doctor (with – on – for – at) the train, the man would have died.

49- We still don’t know the (certainty – anxiety – identity – density) of the other man in the picture.

50- They had carefully (planned – banned – cleaned – drained)  what they were going to do.

 

سؤال ايجاد الخطأ وتصحيحه

Find the mistake in the following sentences then correct it:-

  1. I didn’t see the film yet.
  2. What do your do? – I’m reading a story.
  3. The better thing about this job is that it is well-paid.
  4. She felt ashamed because she did a silly mistake.
  5. Dr. Magdy Yacoub made many heart transplant operations.
  6. She helped me doing the job.
  7. Egypt sent a trade allegation to the conference.
  8. Policemen usually wear a platform.
  9. He had a kidney transport last year.
  10. The normal requirement age in Egypt is 60.
  11. She is interested on reading newspapers.
  12. The complimentary on the Olympic Games was much better on the other channel.
  13. A carpenter represents one country in another.
  14. Could you give me a quick exploration of how this machine works?
  15. This designer always comes up with new ideas. He is very imaginary.
  16. They chose a famous lawyer to present them in court.
  17. The clothes, what are made of Egyptian cotton, are very good quality
  18. My cousin, where is a research chemist, works in the food industry.
  19. My brother went to Oxford University which he studied economics.
  20. My cousin that is a research assistant, works in the food industry.
  21. My brother went to Oxford university which he studied economics.
  22. Peter, where grew up in London, has lived in Egypt for 15 years.
  23. The university which my uncle works is in Cairo.
  24. The university where I want to go to is near my uncle.
  25. This is the girl who uncle is a professor.
  26. I don’t use to play computer games, but now I play them occasionally.
  27. When I was in Alexandria; I am used to going swimming every day.
  28. Where did you used to go for holiday when you were a child?
  29. He isn’t used to having any guests, but now he has parties every weekend.
  30. They don’t use to go camping for a holiday, but now they stay in the best hotels.
  31. People used to work very long hours, but now they work so many hours.
  32. The cities are used to being smaller, but now they are much bigger.
  33. People are used to travelling by horse and cart, but now they travel by cars.
  34. It is too a polluted area that no one can live there.
  35. The area is so polluted for anyone to live there.
  36. She is such young to drive a car.
  37. There was so much noise in the street for me to concentrate.
  38. He’s not used to drink so much coffee.
  39. He doesn’t smoke no longer.
  40. The job was difficult enough for him to do.
  41. The tests are vertical to those carried out last year. They are exactly the same.
  42. Computer-controlled robots are taking over annual jobs in many industries.
  43. He was able to provide the police with valueless information. This helped them to solve the crime.
  44. I watching TV in the evening.
  45. We use the calculator for do the sums
  46. We have been learn English for five years
  47. He drinks a cup of tea a moment ago.
  48. You should not make troubles in the class.
  49. I had to buy some sugar as there was not some left.
  50. Ibraheem missed the bus so he got up late
  51. I admire my grandmother most than any other person.
  52. I saw the film. Then you come.
  53. It is raining yesterday.
  54. He haven’t emailed us since last month .
  55. It’s along time since he has been written to me .
  56. We haven’t meet for five years.
  57. She has last visited me when she was 10 years old.
  58. He last visit us when my father came back home.
  59. It’s a year since he has phoned us.
  60. He has studied English since five years.

سؤال ال comprehension  

أخيرا اقرأ الأسئلة  لتكون فكرة عن القطعة وما تدور حوله وحاول تخمين معاني الكلمات التي لا تعرفها من السياق العام

 

Work book passages

1-Read the following passage, then answer the questions.

Today, most people put their cash into a bank account. Thousands of years ago, people did not use money at all. If they wanted to have something, they gave the owner something that belonged to them. Later, many different things were used as money in different parts of the world, including sharks’ teeth.

In time, people decided to use gold as money because everybody accepted it and it looked beautiful. The first gold coins were made in Lydia (now western Turkey). But gold was very heavy. The Chinese were the first people to make and use paper money. When the Italian explorer Marco Polo went to China in the thirteenth century, he was surprised to see people using paper money. Later, in Europe, people started to leave their gold in banks and paid for things with notes from their bank.

Today, people still use coins and bank notes, but there are many other ways of paying, including cheques, credit cards and online payments.

 

1 – Where do most people keep money these days?

a  in their pockets   b under their bed    c in a bank account  d in a box

 

2- What was the problem with gold?

a  There wasn’t enough for everyone,                  b It was very heavy.

c  Some people didn’t think it was real money,      d People preferred bank notes.

 

3- Where did Marco Polo come from?

a China b Turkey c Lydia d Europe

 

4-Thousands of years ago, what did people do if they wanted something?

5-Why did people choose gold as a kind of money?

6 Why do you think the Chinese used paper money?

7 Why do you think Marco Polo was surprised to see paper money?

 

2-Read the following passage, then answer the questions.

As international trade increased, people from different countries met for the first time. As well as trading goods, they traded ideas and taught each other many things.

The wheel was invented in 4000 BC in Sumeria, now part of Iraq. With the wheel, people could travel further and carry goods more easily.Paper was invented in China in the second century. Arabs learned how to make paper from wood and cotton in the eighth century. The Europeans then learned this from the Arabs.Bicycles were invented in the 19th century by the Germans. The first bicycles had a big wheel at the front and a small wheel at the back. There are now many kinds of bicycles. A type of camera was invented by the Iraqi Ibn al-Haytham in around 1020. The first camera that was small enough to be carried from place to place was designed by the German scientist Johann Zahn in 1685. However, his design was not used to take photographs until 150 years later.

 

1-Where was the wheel invented?

2-Which inventions do you read about in the passage?

3-How were the first bicycles different from the bicycles we use today?

4 How big was the first camera?

 

5- Why did the invention of the wheel change the world?

a Because it was invented in Iraq.     b Because people could travel to Iraq more easily

c- Because people could carry goods longer distances,   d Because it was invented in 4000 BC.

 

6 -Who first invented paper?

a Arabs           b the Chinese     c the Egyptians d the Europeans

 

7- When did the Arabs learn how to make paper from wood?

a in 4000 BC    b in250BC c in the 8th century   d in the 19th century

 

3-Read the following passage, then answer the questions:

A goal is something you want to achieve. First, decide what your goal is. For example, do you want to pass a test? Do you want to be a doctor? When you have decided on your goal, write it down on paper and look at it every day. Then decide what you must do to succeed.

Some people never reach their goal because they think it is impossible. But you must always believe that your goals are possible. Don’t think, “This test is difficult. I’ll probably fail”. Instead, think, “This test is difficult, but I’ve worked hard and I will pass it”.

Most people are successful at things they enjoy. So always try to enjoy your work. Keep looking at the goal you wrote on paper and think how happy you will be when you succeed. Think about that happiness while you are working and you will enjoy your work.
a Give short answers to the following questions:

1 What is this passage about?

2 What should you do when you have written your goal on paper?

3 Why do some people not reach their goal?

b Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:

4 What is the opposite of pass?a succeed         b fail c lose d miss

5 What kind of things are most people successful at?

        a Things that are easy.                                b Things that are difficult.

        c Things that they enjoy doing.                    d Things they work hard at.

4-Read the following passage, then answer the questions:

One day, I was waiting for a friend in town when I saw two men. One was sitting on the pavement wearing old clothes. He had a hat in front of him. As people passed, he said, “Can you give me money, please?” Some people threw coins into his hat, but most walked past. The other man, who was wearing a suit, stopped people and asked them politely to lend him money to buy petrol for his car. Most people happily gave him coins or notes. During the ten minutes I was watching him, he collected a lot of money. He put it all in his pocket, but did not go to buy petrol I soon realised that both men just wanted money. The one in the old clothes needed money more than the one in the suit, but the one in the suit got more money. Isn’t that strange?

a Give short answers to the following questions:

1 How did the two men look different?

2 What did the writer think about what he had seen?

3 What does the word most refer to in but most walked past?

b Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:

4 Why was the man’s hat in front of him?

a It had fallen off his head.  b It was there on the pavement before he sat down.

c He put t there for people to throw money into. d He had taken it off because it was a hot day.

5 Why didn’t the man in the suit go to buy petrol?

a There was already petrol in his car.       b He was going to buy petrol later.

c He didn’t have a car.                                 d He had lied about why he needed money.

5- Read the following passage, then answer the questions:

Hockey is a very old team sport which is popular all over the world. Hockey is normally played on grass, but there is also ice hockey.Men and women can play hockey, and in some countries they play together in mixed teams. Like football, there are eleven players in a hockey team. Players carry sticks which they use to control the ball — either to pass it to other players on their team, or to hit it into a net and score goals. The goalkeeper is the only player who can kick the ball.Hockey can be a dangerous game. The ball, which is small and very hard, can break bones if it hits a player, and players can hurt each other with their sticks. One of the important rules of the sport is that players cannot lift their sticks above their shoulders.

a Give short answers to the following questions:

1 On what surfaces is hockey played?

2 What do hockey players use to hit the ball?

3 What can goalkeepers do that ordinary players cannot do?

b Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:

4 How do players score goals in hockey?

a They kick the ball into the net.                  b They hit the ball into the net with a stick.

c They throw the ball into the net.           d They carry the ball into the net.

5 How is a hockey ball different from a football?

a It is softer.             b It is larger.        c It is smaller. d It is not round.

 

    سؤال Writing

Letter  جواب

 

نموذج

                     67 Al-Nasr Street,

                              Cairo,

                              Egypt

                       27th May, 2008

  Dear Mona,

                   I heard you had a nice birthday party. I’m sorry. I could not come, but tell me about it. What presents did your parents give you? Please when I can visit you. How shall we spend our time together? By the way, how were your exams?      

                                                                                                         Write to me soon

Yours’

Nora

 

E-mail

 

نموذج

To:            Mona_M@yahoo.com

From:       Nora23@hotmail.com

Subject:   about birthday

  Dear Mona,

                   I heard you had a nice birthday party. I’m sorry. I could not come, but tell me about it. What presents did your parents give you? Please when I can visit you. How shall we spend our time together? By the way, how were your exams?      

                                                                                                         Write to me soon

Yours’

Nora

 

Writing a paragraph

  1. introduction    مقدمة

The introduction is a short paragraph in which we give the reader a general idea of the subject of the composition, and attract their attention so that they want to continue reading.

  1. Main Body    الموضوع

In the main body we develop points related to the subject of the composition, this part usually consists of two or more paragraphs, depending on the subject Each paragraph should deal with points related to the same topic. We start a new paragraph each time we begin to discuss a new topic.

  1. Conclusion     الخاتمة

The conclusion is a short final paragraph in which we summaries the main idea of the subject, restate our opinion using different words.

 

Types of writing paragraphs: انواع الكتابة

  1. Factual  ((موضوع عن حقائق عامة
  2. Describing an event    (وصف حدث معين عام او خاص)
  3. Writing a story      ((قصة

Models

1) Write a paragraph of about 100 words about:

  • The advantages and disadvantages of mobile phones.       (factual موضوع عن حقائق عامة )
  • A crime you heard about, read about or saw yourself. You can make up your own crime story if you do not know one.      (story قصة)
  • Write a letter to your friend describing a famous Egyptian festival.     (event  وصف حدث معين عام او خاص)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answers

  • The advantages and disadvantages of mobile phones.       (factual)

          A mobile is a coin that has two faces. Using mobiles has advantages and disadvantages. One can use it or misuse it.

        Mobiles have advantages; they are used to communicate with others. When there is a brother or a father abroad, it becomes easy to pick up the phone and call. People also use them to surf the internet, get information about everything. If someone is lost, they can use the GBS to find your destination.

         Mobiles have disadvantages; some people waste time using mobiles. People waste time in chatting in nonsense. They play games all the time. They busy themselves away from their home duties and may lose direct contact to family in the same house.

          In my opinion, we should use mobiles in good ways. We should make them help in our lives.

 

 

  • A crime you heard about, read about or saw yourself. You can make up your own crime story if you do not know one.      (story)

   

         Have you ever witnessed a crime? Have you ever heard a real scream of fear? I did; and I’d like to talk about it.

         One night I was staying up late when I heard some strange noise. I looked out of my room window and saw two people sneaking outside our neighbors’ house. I was confused whether to call out loud or to call the police secretly. Suddenly, the lights of the house were on and I heard a sound of shooting guns and a very loud scream. I looked out and saw the thieves running away with a big bag and a gun in their hands. I called out for help. The whole neighborhood was awakened. Some people tried to chase the thieves, but it was too late. The police came later and investigated the crime as one of my neighbors was hurt. I was willing to tell the police about the thieves’ description to help arrest them.

        It was the most thrilling night I have ever experienced. I will never forget it.

 

 

  • Write to your friend describing a famous Egyptian festival.     (event)

            Every country has its traditional festivals. My country has many special festivals. The most known one is Sham El Nesim.

           Sham El Nesim is an Arabic word which means “smelling the breeze”. It’s an old Egyptian festival that passed down from Ancient Egyptians. It comes at the beginning of the spring. People in Egypt celebrate it by eating special food and do special activities. People go out to the parks and gardens to enjoy the fine weather and warm sun. They play, chat and chill out. They also eat salted fish with onions and cabbage. Everyone likes to celebrate the beginning of the best season in the year.

           I like Sham El Nesim because it is a good occasion to gather with friends. It is a nice festival.

سؤال الترجمة

Translations

  1. Translate into Arabic:                                                                 B. Translate into English:

كيف نترجم من وإلى الانجليزي ؟   كيف نكتب جملة سليمة ؟

1) التمكن من قواعد اللغة التي درستها والتي تمكن من البناء السليم للجملة :

مثلا ” لقد حققت مصر إنجازات عظيمة خلال العشرون سنة الأخيرة “* ابدأ كالتالي :

1- حدد هذه العناصر (1- فاعل 2- فعل 3- مفعول 4- باقي الجملة )

2- إذا فاعل الجملة ( مصر ) والفعل ( حققت ) والمفعول ( انجازات )

ملحوظة:- الصفة دائما تكون قبل الاسم الذي تصفه ولا تجمع أبدا.

Egypt has made great achievements during the last twenty years.

2) حدد زمن الجملة التي سوف تترجمها:

مثال: لقد نجحت مصر في جمع شمل القادة العرب وسيكون لهذا أثرا طيبا في عملية السلام.

Egypt has succeeded in closing the ranks of Arab leaders and this

will have a great effect on the peace process.

3) تجنب الترجمة الحرفية التي تؤدي إلى تحطيم الشكل السليم للجملة :

* ” مازلنا نعاني من مشكلة البطالة ” خطأ still suffer from problem unemployment

 

أهم كلمات الترجمة ” تحفظ “

economy اقتصاد             economy اقتصاد       Ability            قدرة Ability               قدرة
liberty         حرية Protect             يحمي Peace              سلام duties واجبات                     
Violence          عنف Saving             ادخار war حرب                     Unite                 يتحد
Flourish         ازدهار Phenomenon      ظاهرة Support         يساند differ يختلف                       
current events rreconstruction تعمير    Destiny         مصير Education           تعليم
Face             يواجه Finance           يمول Summit conference aim at             يهدف إلى
Increase         يزداد Benefits           فوائد Terrorism      إرهاب vital حيوي                          
Reduce           يقلل Civilization  حضارة Restore         يسترد Crisis                أزمة
Security          أمن thank to          بفضل Condemn         يدين aspects جوانب                   
Progress          تقدم ideal              مثالي Destruction      دمار fields مجالات                      
Development    تنمية seek              تسعى enable قادر           على Production           إنتاج
Effect            تأثير avoid             يتجنب Efforts          جهود Consumption       استهلاك
Consider         يعتبر blessing           نعمة peace treaty معاهدة سلام developing countries
prosperity رخاء          cape with       يواكب Encourage      يشجع Sources             مصادر
Renaissance     نهضة welfare         رفاهية Solution          حل co-operation        تعاون
rights حقوق                 principles مبادئ               lead to       يؤدي إلى over come يتغلب على          
express يعبر عن           Prevent            يمنع Interest       اهتمام Spread              ينتشر
peoples       شعوب Youth            الشباب Aim              هدف Quality              جودة
contribute to يساهم    man power  القوى العاملة Achieve         يحقق Budget             ميزانية
Invest         يستثمر Expand           يوسع Struggle         يكافح Society            مجتمع
Investors     مستثمرين shortage نقص           Income          دخل Provide           يمد – تزود
Investment    استثمار Transport         النقل Standard of living Realize              يدرك
defend      يدافع عن Culture            ثقافة Stability       استقرار Industry            صناعة
Illiteracy       الأمية the good          الخير Immigration    الهجرة Activities          أنشطة
press          صحافة Beauty           الجمال Housing        الإسكان Faith               الأيمان
knowledge      معرفة Justice            العدل Exploit           يستغل Intelligence        الذكاء
Evidence        دليل Injustice          الظلم establish يؤسس            Genius             العبقرية
fans         مشجعين Ambition         الطموح carry out         ينفذ Friendship        الصداقة
Scenery     مناظر طبيعية greed الجشع – الطمع    loans قروض                  Activity           النشاط
Attract           يجذب Progress          التقدم Rationalizing    ترشيد Skill               المهارة
advertisements إعلانات Welfare         الرفاهية festival  مهرجان        Development       التنمية
Acquire         يكسب Unemployment   البطالة Patience         الصبر Simplicity         البساطة
talent          موهبة Production        الإنتاج Heritage          تراث Compassion         الرأفة
will              إرادة Independence  الاستقلال Care            رعاية Courage          الشجاعة
share          يشارك Integration      التكامل Practice        يمارس Confidence         الثقة
Neglect          يمهل struggle الكفاح           Rate              معدل Conscience        الضمير
bring up يربي               Competition     المنافسة Enrichment      إثراء Tact                اللباقة
Facilities      تسهيلات Comfort         الراحة Hinder          يعوق Application       المواظبة
soul              روح Tolerance       التسامح Resist           يقاوم Dignity            الكرامة
defeat          يؤكد Solidarity       التضامن Grant            يمنح Discipline           النظام
pest             آفة co-operation    التعاون Religions        أديان Hope               الأمل
Condemn         يدين Reward    الثواب- المكافأة Needs        احتياجات Will        الإرادة و العزيمة
Extremism     التطرف Punishment      العقاب Crimes           جرائم Responsibility   المسئولية
Morals          أخلاق Wisdom          الحكمة Creation         إبداع Zeal       الهمة و الحماسة
Aspire           تصبو Freedom          الحرية stand shoulder to houlder Corruption   الفساد
Generations     أجيال Gratitude       الامتنان Reclamation     استصلاح Victory           النصر
fatal           فادحة Patience          الصبر Indispensable    ضرورة Security           الأمن
tolerance التسامح         Frankness      الصراحة Loses             خسائر Conflict         الصراع
cost of living تكلفة المعيشة Politeness        الأدب enrich تشتري                Dispute           النزاع
devote         يكرس Obedience       الطاعة Ambitions      طموحات Construction      البناء
means           وسائل Modesty        التواضع great positio مكانة مهم        ة Contribution   المساهمة
Accountant محاسب       Pollution         التلوث characteristics Poverty            الفقر
Statement  بيان بالحساب Budget          الميزانية resources مصادر            Deviation       الانحراف
Export          تصدير Economy        الاقتصاد Guidance        الإرشاد Fanaticism      التعصب
Import         استيراد Hostility         العداء Awareness        وعى self sufficiency اكتفاء ذ
Vice             رذيلة birth controlتحديد النسل specialization self-reliance
Ceremonies     مراسم family planningتنظيم Reaction         رد فعل Carelessness           الإهمال
Celebration     احتفال Illiteracy         الأمية Recovery         شفاء Hospitality       كرم الضيافة
Attitude        اتجاه Tourism         السياحة Statemen     بيان بالحساب Propaganda            دعاية
Adventure      مغامرة Terrorism      الإرهاب Treaty           معاهدة Advertisement        إعلان
Representativeمندوب Hatred          الكراهية Spiritual              روحي Envy                        الحسد
Representation  إنابة Monuments         آثار Infancy               طفولة anger الغضب                  
President       رئيس Discoveries     اكتشافات Manhood            الرجولة weakness الضعف           
Minister وزير             Worry             القلق imagination       الخيال Addiction        الإدمان
Misuse     سوء استخدام living standard مستوى Data                    بيانات Ignorance        الجهل
Mislead         تضليل Majority         الأغلبية information معلومات       shortage النقص            
Illnessمرض              Minority          الأقلية Religion                 دين Civilization     الحضارة
Citizensمواطن              Burdens          الأعباء Morality               أخلاق democracy   الديمقراطية
generation جيل            Advantages      مزايا Minister           وزير Capitalism   الرأسمالية
Operation       عملية disadvantages    عيوب Misuse          سوء استخدام Socialism      الاشتراكية
Bribery الارتشاء            Conference      مؤتمر Mislead             تضليل imperialism الاستعمار      
corruption فساد traditions تقاليد Culture             الثقافة Zionism        الصهيونية
loan قرض customs عادات Industry           الصناعة Jews              اليهود
Accountancy المحاسبة population السكان Trade                التجارة Christians      النصارى
immigration هجرة point of view وجهة نظر spare time       وقت الفراغ Housing          الإسكان
Saving    لتوفير investment الاستثمار Researches       أبحاث Educationn       التعليم
materialistic مادي discussion مناقشة horizon           أفق Agriculture     الزراعة

 

نماذج ترجمة بأجاباتها

A ) Translate into Arabic :

1)  Many studies have shown that it is better to wear your seat belt when you are driving a car. Seat belts greatly reduce the risk of death or injury in accidents. The fact is widely recognized and many governments have passed laws imposing seat belt use.

أظهرت العديد من الدراسات أنه من الأفضل أن ترتدي حزام الأمان عندما تقود السيارة . لأن حزام الأمان يقلل من مخاطر الموت أو الأصابه في الحوادث . وتم ادراك تلك الحقيقة لذلك أصدرت الحكومة قوانين لفرض استخدام حزام الأمان .

2 ) The Egyptian people have suffered a lot from corruption, injustice and

unemployment and these made them gather in Tahrir square and revolt to express their inner feelings without fear. They gave the whole world a good example to follow. The Egyptians want to free themselves from all restrictions and aggression .

لقد عاني المصريون كثيراً من الفساد والظلم والبطالة وذلك جعلهم يتجمعون في ميدان التحرير ويثوروا للتعبير عن مشاعرهم الداخلية دون خوف . وأعطوا العالم مثال جيد يحتذي به . ويريد المصريون تحرير أنفسهم من القيود والعدوان .

3 ) Co-operation among nations of the world will result in spreading peace and security. They should help each other to improve  the living conditions of their people.

التعاون بين الدول يؤدي إلى نشر السلام والأمان. ويجب على تلك الدول مساعدة بعضها البعض لتحسين مستويات معيشة الناس / الشعوب .

 

B ) Translate into English:

 يجب أن ننشئ الأطفال على حب الوطن واحترام الوالدين .

We should bring up children on nation love and respecting parents.

اقترح شباب الثورة أفكارا جديدة لبناء الوطن.

The revolution’s youth suggested new ideas to build the country.

شعب مصر كريم وطيب معروف بالشهامة وحب الكرامة.

The Egyptian people are generous and are known for nobility and love of dignity.

الأرتفاع المستمر في الأسعار وزيادة البطالة أدت الى قيام ثورة الخامس والعشرين من يناير.

The increase rise in prices and unemployment led to the 25th January revolution

 

Exercise

1-A)Translate into Arabic:

In the future, the world’s supplies of oil will dry up. Our vehicles will need a completely new form of energy. Experts believe that solar energy may have replaced oil by the 2020.

 

  1.   B) Translate into English:

*لقد تعهدت كثير من الدول الغنية بتقديم مساعدات مالية لمصر لمساعدتها في بناء اقتصادها.

*تبذل الحكومة قصارى جهدها لتحسين علاقات مصر مع دول حوض النيل.

 

2- A)Translate into Arabic:

Healthy food should include vitamins and proteins. It has to be fresh and low in fat and salt. It shouldn’t contain harmful chemical additives. If we don’t eat the right food, we will get ill and lose our ability to do our work well.

 

  1.    B) Translate into English:

*حوالي 20 إلي 30 % من السكان في مصر يعيشون تحت خط الفقر والكثير منهم بلا مأوي.

*يجب أن نستصلح الصحراء ونحولها إلى أرض خضراء لتوفير الغذاء لكل مواطن

3- A)Translate into Arabic:

The world’s ever increasing population means more houses, more roads, more factories, and this means less land for animals and plants. Over-population also means more waste and pollution, and this makes life increasingly difficult for many creatures.

  1.    B) Translate into English:

*إن زيادة الإنتاج و تقليل الواردات سوف يسهم في تحسين الاقتصاد المصري

*تعتمد كثير من الدول علي محطات الطاقة النووية للحصول علي الكهرباء.

4- A)Translate into Arabic:

Undoubtedly, tourism is a chief source of national income and hard currency. The government exerts great efforts to develop the tourist industry. The aim is to attract a greater number of tourists to visit Egypt, the land of civilization.

  1. B) Translate into English:

*بالرغم من مزايا المفاعلات النووية ولكن أي تسرب إشعاعي يمكن أن يسبب أضرارا هائلة

*من الضروري أن نرشد استخدام الطاقة في المنازل و أماكن العمل.

 

5- A)Translate into Arabic:

Egypt has achieved great progress in the field of communications. Modern mobile telephone networks have covered all cities and villages and even remote areas. Computers and the internet have enabled us to get in touch with other people all over the world.

  1. B) Translate into English:

*تحتفل كثير من الدول باليوم العالمي للبيئة في الخامس من يونيه كل عام.

*يحتوي الكون علي ملايين النجوم و الكواكب التي تبعد ملايين الأميال عن الأرض.

 

The Prisoner of Zenda

General Revision

Answer the following questions:

1) What is the setting (time and place) of The Prisoner of Zenda?

The setting is Europe in the late 19th century.

 

2) How old is Rudolf when the events of the story start?

He is 29 years old.

 

3) According to Rose, how is Rudolf Rassendyll different from his brother Robert?

Rudolf is different because he does not take his duties to society seriously. /He doesn’t work.

 

4) Mention three skills that Rudolf Rassendyll has?

He can speak several languages (German, French, Spanish, Italian). He can ride a horse. He can fight with a sword.

 

5) Why wasn’t Rassendyll as sick as the King was after eating the cakes?

He only ate one cake, so he ate less poison.

 

6) Why did Fritz and Sapt lock up Johann’s mother with the King?

They locked her up so that she wouldn’t tell Michael’s men that Rassendyll was pretending to be the King at the coronation.

 

7) Why was Rassendyll afraid when he saw Antoinette de Mauban on the balcony?

He was afraid that she would recognize him and say that he wasn’t the real King.

 

8) According to Flavia, how has Rassendyll (the King) changed in his appearance?

She says that his face is thinner and he looks more serious.

 

9) Why couldn’t the Duke say anything about Rassendyll even though he knew Rassendyll was not the King?

He couldn’t say anything because he would have to admit that he had kidnapped the real King.

 

10) How did Sapt explain Rassendyll’s injured finger to Freyler?

Sapt told him that Rassendyll had caught his finger in a door. .

 

11) Why was Rassendyll keen on getting the people of Ruritania to like him more than they liked the Duke?

He thought that if there was a fight between him and the Duke, the people would support him.

 

12) Why couldn’t the Duke ever become King unless he married Flavia?

The Duke’s mother was not royal, so legally he couldn’t become King unless he married Princess Flavia.

 

13) Rassendyll has never liked responsibilities. Now he has many. What responsibilities does he have?

He has to run the country and rescue the real King.

 

14) Why does Rassendyll become good at pretending he has forgotten rules or people he has met?

He has to do this so that people will sill think he is the real King.

 

15) Rassendyll tells the Princess that when he was younger, he thought he didn’t need to worry about society. Why does he say this?

He is forgetting to pretend to be the King. He is thinking of his own youth.

 

16) How does the Princess react to Rassendyll’s recalling تذكُر that he thought he had no need to worry about society?

She is surprised because he always knew he would be King, so he should expect to have responsibilities.

 

17) What is the reason Rassendyll claims يزعُم is the cause of his handwriting being different from the King’s?

He claims that his hand still hurts from his injury so he can’t write as well as before.

 

18) ‘The thing I hunt is a very big animal,” Rassendyll explains. What is Rassendyll really hunting?

He is really hunting Duke Michael.

 

19) To whom did the large, modern country house called Tarlenheim belong?

It belonged to a relative of Fritz.

 

20) Rassendyll, Sapt and Fritz took ten brave and strong gentlemen that they trusted to hunt down Michael. What reason did they give to the gentlemen?

They told the gentlemen that Duke Michael was holding a friend of the King as a prisoner and it was their job to set him free.

21) What did Johann tell Rassendyll about the real King’s condition?

He told him that the King was ill and weak.

 

22) Why does Rassendyll say that he was forced to stab Max Holf to death?

It was war. He had to do it to rescue the King.

23) What did the Chief of Police in Strelsau tell Rassendyll (the King) about what they had learnt about the real Rassendyll?

They had found his bags at the train station and they thought he was travelling with Madame de Mauban.

 

24) Why was Michael keeping Madame de Mauban as a prisoner in his mansion?

…because he knew that she had warned Rassendyll at the summer house.

 

25) Why was Rose angry with Rudolf at breakfast?

She was angry because Rudolf didn’t want to work or have any responsibilities.

 

26) Why did Rassendyll decide to go to Ruritania?

He wanted to see the coronation of the new King of Ruritania.

 

27) Why did the innkeeper like Duke Michael more than the King? 

Duke Michael had always lived in Ruritania and cared about the people. The King had lived abroad and the people didn’t know him.

 

28) How could the old castle of Zenda be reached? How could the mansion be reached?

The old castle could be reached only by a drawbridge. The mansion could be reached by a road

 

29) Why did Duke Michael poison the King?

He didn’t want him to be crowned King the next day. / He wanted to prevent him from going to the coronation.

 

30) How long did Rassendyll expect to pretend to be the King?

He expected to pretend to be the King for one day / until midnight.

 

31) Why was Sapt anxious when Rassendyll rode through the old part of town alone?

Sapt thought the people in the old part of town might hurt him because they didn’t like the King.

 

32) How did Rassendyll and Sapt get a permit to leave the city?

Sapt was able to copy the King’s signature onto a form.

 

33) How did Duke Michael know that Rassendyll was not the real King?

Duke Michael knew that the real King had been poisoned and was at the hunting lodge. / His men (must have) sent him a message that the King was asleep at the hunting lodge.

 

34) Why did the men who came to the lodge have spades with them?

They had spades because they were going to bury Josef’s body.

 

35) Why did Rassendyll continue to pretend to be the King after the coronation day?

Because the real King was missing from the lodge/taken by Michael’s men.

36) Who is Detchard?

Detchard is an Englishman who is one of Duke Michael’s special soldiers/Six Men.

 

37) Why did Rassendyll remember Rose’s words about responsibilities when he left Princess Flavia’s palace?

Because he suddenly realised that he had always wanted a quiet life but now he had many responsibilities and he wondered how he had got into that situation.

 

38) What did Antoinette tell Rassendyll when he went to the summer house?

She told him that Michael’s men were planning to kill him there and that he must leave before they came.

 

39) How did Sapt react when Rassendyll almost told Princess Flavia the truth of who he was? 

Sapt’s face was angry but he calmly told Rassendyll that someone was waiting to see him.

 

40) What did Sapt want Rassendyll to do at the ball?

Sapt wanted Rassendyll to propose to يعرض الزواج علي Princess Flavia.

 

41) Where was Bernenstein when he was shot?

Bernenstein was alone in the woods near the house at Tarlenheim.

 

42) Why did the King’s prison have a large stone pipe leading to the moat?

If the Duke killed the King, he would put his body into the moat through the pipe.

 

43) Why do you think Johann was willing to act as a spy for Rassendyll? 

Because he didn’t like the Duke. / Because he wanted to help the King. / Because he was paid a lot of money. 

 

44) What happened at the house at Tarlenheim on the night Rassendyll’s men attacked the castle?

There was music and bright lights so that it looked like there was a ball.

 

45) Why did Rupert attack Antoinette?

Rupert attacked Antoinette because he learnt that she had been writing to Rassendyll.

 

46) What two people were with the King when Rassendyll entered the King’s prison room?

Detchard and the doctor were with the King.

 

 

47) Why do you think Michael’s servants did not put down their weapons when Rupert told them to?

They were loyal to the Duke, who had just been killed. / They knew that Rupert was not their boss. /They were angry that Rupert had killed the Duke.

 

48) Why did Rassendyll stay in the woods after the fight at the castle?

He did not want anyone to see him because they would think he was the King.

 

49) At the end of the story, Rassendyll refused to work for Sir Jacob. Rose considered this a great loss. Illustrate.

Rose thought that if Rassendyll worked for Sir Jacob, he might become an ambassador one day. She thought that if he didn’t go to Ruritania, he wouldn’t be anybody important. Rassendyll refused to go because he took the place of the King when he was in Ruritania and if he went back there, this would cause him problems.

 

50) If Fritz and Sapt hadn’t been loyal to the King, what would have happened?

If they hadn’t been loyal to the King, Michael would have killed the King. Michael would have taken the crown.

 

51) What would Rassendyll have done if he had been greedy for power? يطمع في السلطة

He would have killed both the King and Michael and he would have stayed as King.

 

52) What would have happened if Rassendyll had been killed at the summer house?

If Rassendyll had been killed at the summer house, Michael would have killed the real King and become King.

 

53) What did Sapt do to protect Rassendyll from Michael’s men?

He ordered six men to follow Rassendyll wherever he went in the capital.

 

54) Rassendyll’s ability to think well and act quickly was evident واضحة at the summer house. Explain?

Rassendyll was almost trapped at the summer house. He used an iron chair to defend himself against Michael’s men. The table top hit them and they all fell down the steps. Rassendyll fell down too, but he managed to get up fastest and run away. If he hadn’t thought well and acted quickly, he would have died.

 

55) Although Johann and Max Holf were brothers, they were completely different. Discuss.

Johann was a good man. He worked for Duke Michael only because he was afraid of him and not because he liked him. He believed that everyone in the castle was a criminal except the King. He agreed to work as a spy for Rassendyll because he wanted to save the King.

Max was an evil man. He helped Michael to carry out his evil plans. He helped to put up the pipe to the prison window which would be used to get rid of the King’s body after killing him.

 

56) Rudolf Rassendyll was just the right person to replace the King of Ruritania, but he was not good at remembering all the rules or the people he had met. How did he manage to solve this problem?

He was just the right person because he looked exactly like the King. As he couldn’t remember all the rules or the people he had met, he became very good at pretending that he had forgotten them so that people wouldn’t notice that he was not the real King.

 

57) Rassendyll did not only manage to play the role of the King, but he also helped to change the real King’s image in poor people’s minds. صورة الملك في أذهان الفقراء Illustrate. وضِح

The poor people didn’t like the real King because he was only interested in food and hunting and he didn’t care about them. He almost lived all his life abroad. Rassendyll rode his horse alone among the poor people in the old part of the town. People felt that he trusted them. They knew that he was not a distant بعيد King. When he bought flowers from the little poor girl on his way to Flavia’s house, people felt that he cared about them. In fact, he helped to stop people thinking badly about the King.

 

58) Sapt was the wise old man without whom Rassendyll’s job as a King would have been too difficult. Explain.

Sapt spent hours to tell Rassendyll about the King’s duties. He stayed with Rassendyll to tell him what he ought to do and what he should not do and also what he should say to the important people Rassendyll had to meet. When Rassendyll was about to tell Princess Flavia the truth about himself, Sapt was there to stop him. Sapt did his best to make sure that his plan to save the King would succeed.

 

59) Give an example to show that one of Michael’s Six Men was not completely loyal مخلص to him.

Rupert Hentzau was the youngest, the strongest and the most criminal of Michael’s Six Men. He said he didn’t like Michael because Michael was not a good man. He also told Rassendyll that Michael made him angry and he nearly killed him. Rupert told Rassendyll he was ready to work with him. His plan was to kill Michael, the King, Sapt and Fritz so that Rassendyll would stay King and give him a reward. At the end of the story, Rupert killed Michael.

 

60) As a King, Rassendyll faced several hardships, صعوبات mention two and say how he was able to overcome them. كيف استطاع التغلب عليها

1-It was difficult for him to remember all the rules or the people he had met. He overcame this difficulty by pretending that he had forgotten the rules.

  2-When the Chief of Police told him that an Englishman called Rassendyll was reported missing, Rassendyll felt that his game had almost been discovered. He overcame this difficulty by telling the Chief of Police that he would look into the matter and that he should leave and come back in two weeks.

  3-When he went to see Antoinette at the summer house, he was almost trapped and Michael’s men could have killed him, but he used an iron chair to defend himself and could escape.

 

61) How did Rassendyll get his red hair and straight nose?

He got them From his grandmother Countess Amelia who married a member of the Ruritanian  royal family, the Elphbergs in 1733.

 

62) What do you learn from this story?

1-We learn that there is always conflict between good and evil and that good always wins in the end.

   2-We learn that we should help other people and that by helping them we become better people.

   3-We learn that we should always be loyal to our friends and that we should never betray them.

   4-We learn that we have responsibilities and duties whether we have a position in society or not.

   5-We learn to be fair, honest and tolerant.

   6- We learn to love our country and be always ready to help it.

   7- We learn that crime doesn’t pay and every criminal ill be punished in the end.

 

63) What was Michael’s reaction when he discovered that Antoinette had helped Rassendyll at the summer house?

He invited her and her servants to his mansion and kept them prisoners there. He didn’t allow them to leave again.

 

64) How did Rupert prove to be the most criminal of Michael’s Six Men?

1-When he visited Rassendyll in the country house, he pretended that he wanted to shake hands with him, but suddenly stabbed him in the shoulder with his knife.

  2-He was ready to betray Michael and work with his enemies for his own good.

  3-He killed Duke Michael when Michael tried to stop him from punishing Antoinette.

  4-He was the only one of the Six Men who escaped from Rassendyll. The other five got killed.

 

65) Antoinette proved to be a kind-hearted and clever woman. Explain.

1- She helped to take care of the King who was very ill in the castle.

    2-She helped Rassendyll at the summer house and told him about Michael’s plan to kill him.

    3-Even when she was held a prisoner at the mansion, she managed to send letters to Rassendyll with Johann.

   4-She didn’t approve of Michael’s plans to kill his brother and take the crown.

 

66) Rassendyll proved to be conscientious يقظ الضمير as a King. Discuss.

Rassendyll worked hard as a King. He felt that he had many responsibilities and duties. He tried to stop the poor people thinking badly about the King. He did his best to show the people that he trusted them. The people of Ruritania felt that he was not a distant King as he went to the poor area of the city twice. He saved the King and ran the country well.

 

67) Duke Michael was a cunning ماكـر man. Give two examples.

1-Michael was a very cunning and evil man. He wanted to kill his brother to take the crown, so he held him a prisoner in the castle.

2-When Rassendyll took the place of the King, he planned to kill him and take his body to the old town where it would be found and Fritz and Sapt would be arrested for murdering Rassendyll.

3-He held Antoinette a prisoner in the mansion to stop her from helping Rassendyll.

4-He made a clever plan to defend the castle if it was attacked.

 

68) Rupert Hentzau didn’t understand that Rassendyll was not as wicked شرير as him. Explain?

(Rupert Hentzau misjudged Rassendyll’s character. أساء الحكم علي شخصيته Illustrate)

Rupert Hentzau believed that Rassendyll wanted to stay as King, so he asked him to attack the castle with the help of Rupert but the real King, Michael, Sapt and Fritz must all die. Rassendyll could stay as King and reward Rupert. He didn’t understand that Rassendyll was pretending to be the King for the good of Ruritania. He only wanted to save the King.

 

69) The idea of the conflict between good and evil was evident واضحة in ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’ Illustrate.

Michael and his men represent يُمثلون evil in the story. Rassendyll, Sapt, Fritz. Strakencz, Johann and Antoinette and other men represent good. Michael and his men wanted to kill the King so that Michael would take the crown. They were read to kill anybody who stood in their way in order to carry out their evil plans. لتنفيذ خططهم الشريرة Rassendyll and his men fought against Michael and his men to save the King and the country from their evil. In the end, good won the battle كسب المعركة against evil when the King was saved and Michael as well as five of his Six men were killed.

 

70) Michael’s men were completely different from the real king’s men. Explain.

Michael’s men were evil and wicked. They would kill anyone to carry out their evil plans. They helped Duke Michael by kidnapping the real King and killing Joseph. They followed Rassendyll to try to kill him. They were not completely loyal to Michael as Rupert betrayed خان Michael and killed him in the end. The real king’s men were good and loyal to him such as Sapt, Fritz, Strakencz and the ten brave strong men. They did their best to protect their country and stop Duke Michael from killing the King and taking the crown.

 

71) King Rudolf Elphberg and Rassendyll both underwent a major personality change. حدث  لهما تغير كبير في الشخصيةExplain.

Rassendyll always liked to live a quiet life. He didn’t like duties and responsibilities. He didn’t want to have a job as he was rich. When he became King, he started to change. He knew what it meant to have responsibilities. He ran the country أدار الدولة well. Although his life was in danger, he did his best to save the King’s life. He learnt the valuable lesson that people become better people by helping others.

Rudolf Elphberg was always interested in food and hunting. He didn’t care about poor people. He was a distant King. Many people didn’t like him. Rassendyll taught him what a true king should be. He learnt that life is not just food and hunting. He knew the value of his loyal friends. He learnt how to help others as he saved Rassendyll’s life when he was fighting Detchard in the castle.

 

 

 

72) Rudolf Rassendyll could have been killed several times throughout the story. Give two examples.

1-Rassendyll could have been killed when he went to the hunting lodge with Sapt to bring the real King. Michael’s men almost trapped him, but he could escape.

  2-When he went to the castle of Zenda to save the King, Detchard could have killed him if the King hadn’t helped him by pushing a chair against Detchard’s legs, so Detchard fell down and it was easy for Rassendyll to kill him.

  3-While he was fighting Rupert Hentzau in the forest of Zenda, Rupert could have killed him if Fritz hadn’t arrived in time riding a horse and holding a gun. When Rupert saw, Fritz, he escaped.

 

73 A ‘stalemate’ طريق مسدود is a situation when neither side in a battle can make progress or win. موقف لا يحرز فيه أي من طرفي المعركة أي تقدم أو انتصار When did this happen in ‘The Prisoner of Zenda’?

This happened when Duke Michael kidnapped the real King and Rassendyll pretended to be the King. Rassendyll could not accuse Michael in public without admitting that he was not the real King. Michael could not accuse Rassendyll of anything because then people would know that he had kidnapped the real King.

 

74) If Rassendyll hadn’t had principles, مبادئ what would he have done?

He wouldn’t have tried to save the real King. He would have followed Rupert’s plan to kill the King, Michael, Sapt and Fritz so as to stay King forever. He would have married Flavia and taken the crown. He would have accepted Michael’s offer to take a million gold pieces and leave Ruritania.

 

75) Rupert Hentzau and Rassendyll had things in common, بينهما أشياء مشتركة but they were also different. Explain.

They were both young and brave. They were both good swordsmen. On the other hand, Rassendyll was kind and helpful, but Rupert was cruel and dishonest. Rassendyll was ready to risk his life to save the King, but Rupert was disloyal غير مخلص and ungrateful غير معترف بالجميل as he betrayed Michael and killed him in the end.

 

76) While Rassendyll and his men were staying at Tarlenheim, Rupert Hentzau came twice. Give reasons.

The first time he told Rassendyll that the Duke was sorry that Rassendyll and his men could not stay in the mansion because the Duke and many of his servants had a dangerous illness, so it was best if they stayed away.  The second time Rupert  came to tell Rassendyll that the Duke offered him a million gold pieces and a safe journey to the border if he agreed to leave Ruritania.

77) How were Sapt and Fritz different from each other?

Sapt was so wise. He always knew what to do at the right time. He was smart and very careful. Without Sapt, Rudolf Elphberg would not have become King. Fritz was not wise enough. He always wanted to do things quickly regardless of consequences. بغض النظر عن النتائج

 

78) Sapt was always wise enough to take the right decision at the right time. يتخذ القرار المناسب في الوقت المناسب Give two examples.

When the King was found unconscious فاقد الوعي at the hunting lodge, Sapt decided to persuade Rassendyll to take the place of the King and Rassendyll agreed.

When he was going to the hunting lodge with Rassendyll, they saw Michael and Max Holf. Sapt could have killed Michael with his gun at that time, but he didn’t because he knew it wouldn’t have helped the King at that moment.

 

79) Princess Flavia and King Rudolf Elphberg were really grateful معترفين بالجميل to Rassendyll. Explain.

The King was grateful to Rassendyll because he saved his life and taught him what a true King should be. Rassendyll ran the country well while the real King was held a prisoner. Rassendyll also helped to stop the people thinking badly about the King.

Flavia was grateful to Rassendyll because he protected her from Michael and his men and saved her future husband.

 

80) Although Rassendyll made many mistakes while pretending to be the King, his game was not discovered. Explain.

Rassendyll was clever enough to cover up his mistakes as he became very good at pretending that he had forgotten the rules or the people he had met.  Moreover, people wouldn’t believe that Rassendyll was just a pretend king as he looked exactly like the real King. Sapt was always by his side to tell him what he should or should not do.

 

81) Antoinette, Johann and Rupert Hentzau betrayed Duke Michael for different reasons. Illustrate.

Antoinette knew about Michael’s evil plans to kill his brother and Rassendyll in order to take the crown, so she decided to help Rassendyll as she believed that Michael had no right to become King.

Johann worked for Michael because he was afraid of him and not because he liked him. He didn’t feel safe in the castle and believed that everyone there was a criminal except the King. So it was easy for Rassendyll to persuade Johann to work as a spy and help him to save the King.

Rupert Hentzau betrayed Michael because he thought he was not a good man and Michael made him angry. He was ready to work against Michael and help Rassendyll to stay King forever as he believed that Rassendyll would give him a reward. In the end, Rupert killed Michael.

 

82) Although he was a pretend King, Rassendyll tried to act like real kings. Give 2 examples.

He decided to keep some secrets for himself.

He planned to make himself as popular as he could. He wanted to stop the poor people of Strelsau from thinking badly about him. By winning the support of the poor people, he hoped that Michael would not be stronger.

When Sapt told him not to go to the summer house, he decided to go there.

 

83) Give an example to show that Rassendyll was a kind-hearted man.

He sympathized with تعاطف مع the poor people of Strelsau. He bought some flowers from a poor girl with a gold coin. When he saw King Rudolf Elphberg lying unconscious on the floor, he agreed to take the place of the King for the good of Ruritania. He risked his life خاطر بحياتهto save the King.

 

84) Do you think that Ruritania would have become a better country if Rassendyll had remained King? Why?> Why not?

Yes, I think so, because…

-Rassendyll had a much better personality than Rudolph Elphberg.

-He was able to run the country well while the King was in prison.

-He treated the poor people well and made them trust him.

-People felt that he cared for them.

-He was seen more than once in the old town where most of the poor people lived.

 

85) What was Rassendyll’s plan to rescue the King?

Sapt would take some men to the front door of the mansion. When Johann opened the door, they would quickly enter and tie up the servants if they did not want to help the King. At the same time Madame de Mauban would cry out for help from her room. The Duke would surely come to see what was happening, and they could kill him. Then there would only be two men left guarding the King, so they would need to move quickly before they hurt the King.

 

important quatation:

Read the quotations and answer the questions:

 

  1. “Why should I do anything? I have nearly enough money to do anything I want to (no one ever has quite enough money to do that, of course), and I enjoy an important position in society.”

 

  1. Who said this?

Rudolf Rassendyll said this.

  1. To whom was it said?

It was said to Rose Rassendyll/ his sister-in-law /

  1. Do you agree that people who have a lot of money should do nothing? Explain your point of view?

I disagree because work is very important to everybody.

 

  1. “I heard that you rode through the old town alone. That surprised me. The people there must really have appreciated أظهروا تقديرهم what you did.”

 

a-Who said this?

Princess Flavia said this.

b-To whom was it said?

It was said to Rassendyll (the pretend King).

c-Why did people appreciate this action?

It showed the people that the King cared for them and trusted them.

 

  1. “You do know that Michael will be very angry. Is that a good idea?”

 

a-Who said this?

Princess Flavia said this.

b-To whom was it said?

It was said to Rassendyll (the King).

c-What was it that would make Michael very angry?

Rassendyll didn’t ask Michael to come into the room and he couldn’t enter without the King’s permission.

 

  1. “It would be very useful for Michael if you disappeared. And if you disappear, the game is over”

 

a-Who says this?

Colonel Sapt says this.

b-Why does the speaker say this ?

He is explaining why he has men guarding Rassendyll everywhere he goes.

c-What game would be over if the person disappeared? Explain

The game is Rassendyll pretending to be King. If he disappeared, Duke Michael would kill the real King and make himself King.

 

  1. “As you know, his mother was not royal and he can only legally become King if he marries the Princess .”

 

a-Who said this?

Rassendyll said this.

 

b-To whom was it said?

It was said to Marshal Strakencz.

c- Who cannot become King unless he marries the Princess ?

Duke Michael.

 

  1. “He’s not a good man. He makes me angry. I nearly killed him myself last night. Think carefully about my plan .”

 

a-Who said this?

Rupert Hentzau.

b-To whom was it said?

It was said to Rassendyll.

c-What is the speaker’s plan ?

He will help Rassendyll attack the castle. But Sapt, Fritz, the King and the Duke must die. Rassendyll will remain King and Rupert will get a reward.

 

  1. The King likes to live well. Let’s say he prefers eating to action, but he’s a kind man and he’s our King. We’d do anything for him.”

 

a- Who does Fritz say this to?

Fritz says this to Rassendyll

b- In what way is the King like the listener?

They both like to live well and not to work

c- How does the King’s character cause a problem for him that night?

He likes to eat too much and he ate a lot of the poisoned cakes that Duke Michael sent

 

  1. Nervous. I’m not made of stone, you know.”

 

a- Who said this to Sapt?

Rassendyll said this.

b- Where were they when this was said?

They were in/near Strelsau. / They were approaching يقتربون من the train station in Strelsau.

c- Why was the speaker nervous?

He was afraid people would realise that he was not the real King.

 

  1. Brother, I’m so sorry. I didn’t know you were waiting, otherwise I’d have asked you in sooner.”

 

a-Where were they when Rassendyll said this to Michael?

They were at Princess Flavia’s palace.

b- Why didn’t Michael go into the room before he was asked?

He couldn’t go into the room without the King’s permission (because he wasn’t royal).

c- Why didn’t Rassendyll ask him to come into the room sooner? 

He didn’t know that Michael needed the King’s permission. (He pretended to the Princess that he had forgotten the rule.)

 

  1. “You do not know me, but I do not want you to fall into the power of the Duke.”

 

a- Who wrote these words in a letter?

Antoinette de Mauban wrote these words.

b- Who was the letter addressed to?

The letter was addressed to Princess Flavia.

c- What advice did the letter give?

The letter said that she should not accept any invitation from Duke Michael and that she should not go anywhere without many guards.

 

 

 

  1. That will leave two men alive: you and me. You’ll stay as the King and I’ll have a reward..”

 

a- Who said this to Rassendyll?

Rupert Hentzau said this.

b- What was the plan that the person suggested?

He suggested that he set the time يحدد الوقت for an attack on the castle, but Sapt, Fritz, the King and the Duke must all die.

c- Why do you think Rassendyll refused this plan?

Because he knew this was morally wrong. خطأ من الناحية الأخلاقية / Because he had a duty to rescue the King. / Because he knew he couldn’t trust Rupert.

 

  1. You could have become an ambassador yourself one day! If you don’t go, you’ll never be anyone important.”

 

a- Who said this to Rassendyll?

His sister-in-law Rose said this.

b- Where did the person want him to go and why?

She wanted him to go to Ruritania to be the assistant to the new British ambassador.

c- Why didn’t Rassendyll want to do what the person wanted?

He didn’t want to be an ambassador because he had already been a king. / He knew it would cause problems for him to be in Ruritania because he looked so much like the King.

 

  1. “I can’t do that. It wouldn’t be fair to the Princess.”

 

a- Who said this?

Rudolf Rassendyll.

b- To whom was it said?

It was said to Sapt.

c-What would be unfair to the Princess and why?

It would be unfair if Rassendyll asked the Princess to marry him because he was not the real King. She was supposed to marry her cousin Rudolf Elphberg.

 

  1. “Sapt had stopped me from saying too much to the Princess.”

 

a- Who said this?

Rassendyll said this.

b- What was the person going to tell the Princess?

He was going to tell her that he was not the real King and that he was just pretending to be the King. He was also going to tell her what had happened to her future husband.

c-Why did Sapt stop him/her?

Sapt wanted to save the King. He persuaded Rassendyll to pretend to be the King so that he could rescue the real king and stop Michael from taking the crown. If the Princess knew about that plan, it might fail.

 

  1. “This is all true. So will you do such a thing?”

 

a- Who said this?

Sapt said this.

b- To whom was it said?

It was said to Rassendyll.

 

 

c-What was the thing they were talking about? Would the addressed person do such a thing? Why? Why not?

It was that Rassendyll could arrange for the Duke and the King to be killed so as to stay King forever. Rassendyll wouldn’t do such a thing. He was just pretending to be the King to save the real King. He did it for the good of لمصلحة Ruritania.

 

  1. “I don’t mind anything if you are safe.”

 

a- Who said this?

Rassendyll said this.

b- To whom was it said?

It was said to Princess Flavia.

c-When was this said and what did the speaker mean?

It was said when Rassendyll visited Flavia and knew about Michael’s invitation to her to go to Zenda. He told Flavia to pretend she was ill so that she couldn’t go. Rassendyll didn’t mind if Michael would be angry. All that he cared about was the safety of Princess Flavia.

 

  1. “I am sure they knew that we were not really there to hunt animals but had a much bigger plan.”

 

a- Who said this?

Rassendyll said this.

b- Where and when was this said?

It was said at Tarlenheim when three of Michael’s men visited Rassendyll there.

c-Why do you think the people who the speaker was talking about came?

They came to tell Rassendyll that the Duke was sorry he couldn’t receive them in his mansion as he and many of his servants had a dangerous disease.

 

  1. “You must leave the country as soon as you can.”

 

a- Who said this to whom?

Sapt said this to Rassendyll.

b- Which country did the speaker refer to?

He referred to Ruritania.

 

 

c-Why did the addressed person have to leave that country as soon as he could?

—because Michael had news from Zenda and he might have known that Rassendyll was not the real King, so Rassendyll’s life was in great danger.

 

  1. “It’s not good news. I am afraid he’s dead.”

 

a- Who said this to whom?

Rassendyll said this to Sapt.

b- Where were they?

They were in the hunting lodge.

c-Who was killed and who killed him?

Josef, the King’s servant, was killed by Michael’s men.

 

  1. “Well done! That was very brave. Do you think they saw who you were.”

 

a- Who said this to whom?

Sapt said this to Rassendyll.

b- Why was the speaker praising the addressed person?

Because he killed one of Michael’s men and injured another.

c-Did they see who he was?

Yes, they did as one of Michael’s men shouted, “It’s the King.”

 

Find and correct the mistake in the following sentences:

  1. Rudolf Rassendyll told Rose he was going to go walking in the West Indies.
  2. The King invited Rassendyll to stay with his family in Strelsau.
  3. The rich people who had always lived well would support the Duke.
  4. Sapt and Fritz believed that Rassendyll had poisoned the King.
  5. Freyler was Sapt’s farmer.
  6. Rassendyll was worried when the French prince asked him a question which he could not answer.
  7. No one goes into the castle without Michael’s or Sapt’s permission.
  8. The letter from Antoinette tells the King to come to the summer house with a friend.
  9. The owner’s wife at the inn thought that Rassendyll was the King.
  10. Of the Six Men, four of them were Ruritanians.
  11. Max Holf is Johann’s uncle.
  12. Mr. Featherly from Paris believed Rudolf Rassendyll was travelling with Flavia.
  13. George Featherly took the same train as Rassendyll from Paris to Ruritania.
  14. Fritz’s brother was Lord Burlesdon.
  15. Rassendyll had to go to Dresden and pretend to be the King.
  16. Rassendyll found the dead body of the King in the hunting lodge cellar.
  17. Fritz and Rassendyll rode to the palace to see Madame Antoinette.
  18. Rassendyll and Josef rode from Strelsau to the hunting lodge to get the King.
  19. The Duke spoke to Rassendyll through the summer house door.
  20. Rassendyll asked Marshal Strelsau to protect Princess Flavia from the Duke.
  21. Detchard stabbed Rassendyll in the shoulder.
  22. When the King was sick in his prison, Princess Flavia helped to take care of him.
  23. The King had seen the Princess with Sapt, and Rupert Hentzau returned to Strelsau. 
  24. Max was helping the Duke, so he could not open the door for Sapt and his men.
  25. Krafstein was the worst of all Michael’s men.
  26. Antoinette was cruel enough to look after the King at the castle of Zenda.
  27. The only legal way for Michael to become King was to kill Flavia.
  28. If it hadn’t been for Rassendyll, Rudolf Elphberg might have died and Michael might have left Ruritania.
  29. Rassendyll killed Max Holf because he was Johann’s brother.
  30. King Rudolf Elphberg preferred Action to eating.
  31. Though they looked almost identical, Rassendyll and Rudolf Elphberg had the same personalities and skills.
  32. The old castle and the mansion were joined by a moat.
  33. Although Rose realized that Rassendyll looked like the King, she believed it was not an excuse to accept the job.
  34. Rassendyll would never remember the lesson he had learnt in Ruritania.
  35. The people of Ruritania knew what was really going on at the castle of Zenda.
  36. Rassendyll was lucky that Detchard did not have a knife when they met at the castle.
  37. To cover up his mistakes, Rassendyll pretended that he was ill.
  38. Rassendyll managed to stop the poor people from talking about the King.
  39. Rassendyll was so angry when Rupert shook hand with him at Tarlenheim.
  40. Fritz was the only one of Michael’s Six men who survived.

 

Model Answers

      1. Rudolf Rassendyll told Rose he was going to go walking in the Alps.
      2. The King invited Rassendyll to have dinner with him in the hunting lodge.
      3. The rich people who had always lived well would support the King.
      4. Sapt and Fritz believed that Duke Michael had poisoned the King
      5. Freyler was Sapt’s servant.
      6. Rassendyll was worried when the French ambassador asked him a question which he could not answer.
      7. No one goes into the castle without Michael’s or Rupert’s permission.
      8. The letter from Antoinette tells the King to come to the summer house alone.
      9. The owner’s daughter at the inn thought that Rassendyll was the King
      10. Of the Six Men, three of them were Ruritanians
      11. Max Holf is Johann’s brother.
      12. Mr. Featherly from Paris believed Rudolf Rassendyll was travelling with Antoinette de Mauban.
      13.  Antoinette de Mauban took the same train as Rassendyll from Paris to Ruritania
      14. Rassendyll’s brother was Lord Burlesdon
      15. Rassendyll had to go to Strelsau and pretend to be the King.
      16. Rassendyll found the dead body of Josef in the hunting lodge cellar.
      17. Fritz and Rassendyll rode to the palace to see Princess Flavia.
      18. Rassendyll and Sapt rode from Strelsau to the hunting lodge to get the King.
      19. Detchard spoke to Rassendyll through the summer house door.
      20. Rassendyll asked Marshal Strakencz to protect Princess Flavia from the Duke.
      21. Hentzau stabbed Rassendyll in the shoulder.
      22. When the King was sick in his prison, Antoinette de Mauban helped to take care of him.
      23. The King had seen the Princess with Sapt, and Marshal Strakencz returned to Strelsau.
      24. Johann was helping the Duke, so he could not open the door for Sapt and his men.
      25. Rupert Hentzau was the worst of all Michael’s men.
      26. Antoinette was kind enough to look after the King at the castle of Zenda.
      27. The only legal way for Michael to become King was to marry Flavia.
      28. If it hadn’t been for Rassendyll, Rudolf Elphberg might have died and Michael might have become the King of Ruritania.
      29. Rassendyll killed Max Holf because it was war and Max was working for the enemy.
      30. King Rudolf Elphberg preferred eating to action.
      31. Though they looked almost identical, Rassendyll and Rudolf Elphberg didn’t have the same personalities or skills.
      32. The old castle and the mansion were joined by a drawbridge.
      33. Although Rose realized that Rassendyll looked like the King, she believed it was not an excuse to refuse the job
      34. Rassendyll would never forget the lesson he had learnt in Ruritania
      35. The people of Ruritania never knew what was really going on at the castle of Zenda
      36. Rassendyll was lucky that Detchard did not have a gun when they met at the castle
      37. To cover up his mistakes, Rassendyll pretended that he had forgotten the rules and the people he had met.
      38. Rassendyll managed to stop the poor people from thinking badly about the King
      39. Rassendyll was so angry when Rupert stabbed him with his knife in the shoulder at Tarlenheim.
      40. Rupert Hentzau was the only one of Michael’s Six men who survived